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Saturday, April 20, 2013

Facts about Human Brain

Human brain if the most interesting and complicated organ. And these facts only prove this statement.




Thursday, April 18, 2013

Ramanavami, the Festival of Rama’s Birth at Shirdi

ॐ सांई राम


All the festivals are celebrated in Shirdi, but the three important festivals are, Ramanavami, Guru Poornima and Vijayadashmi. These are celebrated with great pomp and show. Each is a three-day event and the temples are decorated beautifully with lights, shamianas and look like heaven. In the evenings there are cultural programmes and bhajans by famous artists. There is annadan on the main utsav day of these three festivals. The Prasadalaya serves free meals.

The Shirdi Saibaba Sansthan, sanctioned by the district court of Ahmednagar had after mutual deliberations entrusted the management of the Rama Navami Utsav to Das Ganu Maharaj and Tatya Kote.

The second major utsav was Guru Poornima and it was managed by Gopalrao Mukund Butti. The sons of the late Gopalrao Butti, managed this Utsav till 1940. From 1941 the Sansthan managed this festival. The descendants of Butti send donations for this festival to date.

Baba’s Punyatithi was entrusted to Baba’s devotees outside Shirdi especially from Mumbai. The permanent fund of the Sansthan had been started from the savings of the collections and contributions of the first Bhandara, which was held on the 13th day of Baba’s Mahasamadhi in 1918.

The festival of Gokulashtami was entrusted to the villagers of Shirdi headed by Tatya Kote Patil.

During all the festivals the Palkhi and Rath were taken in procession through the village. The Rath stopped a while in front of Dixit Wada. There Bhajans and Bharood were performed. Much of these activities are curtailed now by Shirdi Saibaba Sansthan due to the overwhelming crowds.

First Day Event:

1. Akhand Parayan reading: A day before the devotees may submit their names for Adhyay reading. After Evening Arati the names are drawn by lottery. These names are announced through the mike and the chapters are allotted. Thus 53 chapters are allotted with a standby list of five names.

'Name lists' are pasted at various places for the convenience of devotees. After Kakad Arati Baba's photo and 'the Pothi' is brought in procession from Samadhi Mandir via: Gurusthan to the Dwarakamai. The Chopdars surpass themselves giving Lalkari at the above temples. In the Dwarakamai the photo is placed in the 'silver mandap' specially made for this occasion, along with the Pothi, After Laghu (small Arati) the reading begins. Since it is Akhand Parayan the Dwarakamai is opened throughout the night. Next morning the Parayan is completed. Again with music and Bhajans the Pothi and the Baba's photo is taken back to the Samadhi Mandir.

2. Palki Procession: The Palki is taken in procession through the village at 8.45 PM. Upon its return to Samadhi Mandir Shej Aarti is performed.

Second Day:

This is the main Utsav for each festival. Rath procession through the village.

No Shej Aarti. Samadhi Mandir is kept open the whole night.

Third Day:

No Kakad Aarti.

Gopal Kaala: Hari Kirtan is started in the morning ending with Gopal Kirtan. Gopal Kaala signifies the end of the festival and ceremonies. A beautifully decorated “Dahi Handi” is hung in the Samadhi Mandir. The honor of breaking it is given to Tatya's descendants. The contents are distributed to the devotees as Prasad. After Gopal Kaala there is Noon Aarti.

Gudi Padava, The Maharashtra New Year

This festival is celebrated on Chaitra Shudh Prathipada i.e., first day of Chaitra Masa (as per the Hindu almanac March-April). On this day the “Gudi” on a post is hoisted on top of the steeple of the Samadhi Mandir. The “Gudi” is a copper kalash hoisted on a staff. A new cloth is draped on it and has small branches of Neem tied to it. It is garlanded with a flower and “Bathasa Maala” (Bathasa is a cookie made with a concentrated sugar solution). This is hoisted before sunrise. This is a Brahma Dwaja.

Till the 1950’s and 60’s, the Sansthan used to perform abhishek to the Samadhi and then distribute the Puran Poli (a sweet dish) as Mahaprasad. The Samadhi and Baba’s Idol was draped with a beautiful Shawl of Velvet with ornate Zari Work. The idol was garlanded with a “Bathasa Maala”. In the Dwarakamai, an ornate garland of roses made of gold was placed on the portrait. This beautiful garland was donated to the Sansthan by a devotee named Smt.Indira Pendarkar. This unique celebration has been discontinued by the Sansthan. Now the Samadhi and Idol is bathed as usual and the Gudi is hoisted before sunrise. The rath is taken through the village at about 9 p.m. while many years ago the rath used to be taken through the village between 4 p.m. and 5 p.m. (Refer Shiladhi by Dr.Keshav B.Gavankar).

Ramanavami, the Festival of Rama’s Birth

On Chaitra Masa Shukla Paksha Navami (March-April 9th Day as per the Hindu Almanac) Ramanavami is celebrated. It was in 1911 that Ramanavami was first celebrated in Shirdi. The idea originated from the Urs. It was K.G. Bhishma who conceived of this idea and consulted Kaka Mahajani who liked the idea and readily agreed. Both of them went to Baba and sought permission, Baba gave His consent. Since then Ramanavami is celebrated on a grand scale. It is a three day festival.

On the first day, there is Akhand Parayan (continuous reading) of Shri Sai Satcharitra. The devotees can submit their names a day before the festival. In the evening a child is asked to pick up the chits by lottery. Fifty three names are thus chosen and the chapters are assigned, and five names are chosen as standby. After the Dhoop Aarti, these names are announced, and lists are posted at various places. This procedure is followed for all the three major festivals.

After Kakad Aarti, the Akhand Parayan commences. The Pothi is brought in procession from the Samadhi Mandir. The procession consists of a devotee (usually a trustee) who carries the sacred Pothi. Alongside him another devotee carries a Veena (a stringed musical instrument). The Veena is symbolic of Saraswati’s Brahma-Veena. Another devotee carries the portrait of Baba. The Kirtankar (who is also the Pujari) sings all the way from the Samadhi Mandir to the Dwarakamai.

The procession commences with Mantra Upachar, Laghu Aarti and Lalkari. The procession comes out of the Samadhi Mandir through the South Gate. Paad Pooja (washing the feet) and Aarti of Camphor are performed by the Iyer family who reside in Shirdi. The procession then goes to the Gurusthan where again Mantra Upachar, Laghu Aarti and Lalkari is performed. The procession then turns right and in front of Dixit Wada Paad Pooja is performed by the Sansthan. It then proceeds through the Maha Dwar past the Maruti Mandir to the Dwarakamai. This entourage is followed by numerous devotees.

In the Dwarakamai the area in the verandah next to the railing is decorated with banana trees. A silver shrine is kept to welcome Baba’s portrait and the Pothi. A Laghu Aarti is performed to Baba and the Pothi, then the reading commences. The Dwarakamai is open through the night. Late in the evening there is Palkhi Procession.

The second day is the Main Utsav (festival) Day. There is Kakad Aarti. Then after the completion of the Akhand Parayan, the Pothi is taken in procession to the Samadhi Mandir.

There is Mantra Upachar, Laghu Aarti and Lalkari. The Pothi is then taken in procession. It exits the Dwarakamai and passes by the rear of the Samadhi Mandir and enters the Gurusthan where a Laghu Aarti is performed. The entourage then goes towards the main Dwar of the Samadhi Mandir. Just before entering the Samadhi Mandir, Paad Puja is performed to the bearers of the sacred articles by the Sansthan. They then enter the Samadhi Mandir. Thus the entourage would have completed the Pradakshina of the previous day.

In the Samadhi Mandir there is Mangal Snan (holy bath of Baba’s Idol). The villagers and numerous devotees go to the Godavari (Kopergaon) and bring water from Godavari for Baba's Holy Bath. Water is also brought from the Ganga and other holy rivers by many zealous devotees. The “Kavadis” (water bearers) are allowed to wash Baba’s Samadhi and Baba's Padukas with the holy water.

At about 8 a.m. the changing the sack of Wheat takes place. A new sack of Wheat is brought in procession from the Samadhi Mandir to Dwarakamai. The old sack is taken to Prasadalay and the new sack is placed in the cupboard. This tradition was started by Balaji Newaskar. Now the Sansthan performs this ceremony.

At 12 Noon is the birth of Rama. A cradle is placed in Samadhi Mandir signifying Rama's Birth. Radhakrishna Mai gave a cradle when the first time Ramanavami was celebrated in Shirdi and the tradition continues. Now the Sansthan performs this ceremony. Following this ceremony there is the noon Aarti.

Between 2 p.m. and 4 p.m., the Changing of the Flags takes place. This is described in the Shri Sai Satcharitra Chapter 6 in detail.

Every year two new flags were taken out in procession. Since then this ceremony is performed. The descendants of Damu Anna Rasne supply the embroidered flag, while Nimonkar’s descendants supply the green flag. These flags are kept on Baba’s Samadhi and Aarti is performed to them. Then the Noon Aarti takes place. They are taken to Tukaram Sutar’s house (his surname is Bhalerao and his profession was that of a Sutar or Carpenter). At about 2 p.m.the gheru flags are brought in a procession from Samadhi Mandir to the open area in front of Pilaji Gurav's house. Then the other two flags (The green and embroidered flags) are brought from the Sutar home where they were fixed to a long staff (pole). After Lalkari Laghu Aarti is done. Then all the flags are taken in procession through the village with much dancing and merriment to Dwarakamai. Finally, the two flags (gheru flags – Green and embroidered flags) are fixed atop the Dwarakamai, while the Ochere flag is fixed inside the Dwarakamai.

The Urs and Sandal Procession

In 1897 Gopalrao Gund wanted to honor Baba with a special festival, thus the Urs was started. Urs literally means a wedding with God or uniting the soul with God at death. It is an annual celebration, and the saint’s spiritual power is at its peak at that time.

Between 9 p.m. and 10 p.m. the “Sandal Procession” takes place. The descendants of Abdul Baba perform this. It is a beautiful ceremony. A platter with sandalwood scrapings along with incense is taken in procession around the village to the accompaniment of musical instruments. The platter, the incense and gifts to be offered are carried under a canopy. This canopy consists of a “Gailif” or “Chaddar” that is attached to four wooden posts. The Gailif is green in color with golden Kalmas (Kalmas are verses from the holy Quran) inscribed on it. On top of every post is a Panja (a silver replica of a hand). This sandal procession is to venerate Auhlias (Muslim Saints). It is described in chapter 6 of Shri Sai Satcharitra. At the Samadhi Mandir, gifts like a Chaddar (Shawl), fruits and sweets are offered. The procession then goes to Abdul Baba’s Darga and again gifts are offered. The procession ends in the Dwarakamai, where sandalwood mixed with rose water and Attar (a type of perfume) is pasted on the Nimbar with bare hands.

In the Evening there is the Rath Procession. The whole right there is Bhajan Sandhya by various invited artists in the Samadhi Mandir. Thousands of devotees participate in this programme and it joyfully goes on till the wee hours of the next day. There is no Shej Arati as Samadhi Mandir is kept open for whole night for Darshan.

The next morning i.e., on the third day, there is no Kakad Aarti. Till 12 Noon there is Kaala Kirtan and then the Gopal Kaala is done. This ceremony is celebrated with joy, merriment and feasting at the end of the festival. A Handi (earthen pot) filled with the ingredients (mixture of curds, Lye- puffed Jvari grain, turmeric powder, cumin seeds, coriander seeds and honey) is hung up and is broken and the contents are distributed. At the auspicious time it is broken and the contents are distributed as Prasad.

Relation between Saibaba and Rama Navami Festival

Saibaba celebrated Rama Navami festival right from the early days of his stay in the Dwarakamai. On that day he washed the entire Dwarakamai himself. At about 12 noon he bought a little oil and lit a few lamps. From the rest of the money he bought some Gulal (a dry vermilion powder). Having done this he first put some on the Dhuni Maa and then on his own head. Then he put some on each of the steps leading to the Dwarakamai and in every corner and finally applied some to the entrance door. Later when the devotees started flocking to Shirdi they had Katha and Kirtan in the Sabhamandap followed by the birth of Rama, following which Baba distributed Pedas and Burfi (sweets). (Refer Shiladhi written by Dr.Keshav B.Gavankar).

Pooja of the Sadguru or Guru Poornima

Saibaba accepted Dakshina and Namaskar (prostrating at his feet) from his devotees. Yet he actively discouraged and forbade ritualistic pooja directed towards him. Instead he asked them to perform pooja to the pillar in front of the Dhuni Maa. Baba sat for hours in front of this pillar leaning his back against it. When the devotees went to the Dwarakamai at about 5 a.m. they found Baba sitting there gazing into the Dhuni Maa.

In the year 1910, Tatya Saheb Nulkar, who was a subjudge in Pandarpur, came to stay in Shirdi. Baba asked him to stay in the Chavadi. One day, in the morning Baba told Shama, “Ask Mhatara (old man) to perform pooja to the pillar”. Shama went and told Nulkar (Mhatara) exactly what Baba had said. Both of them discussed the reason for this, but could not come up with an answer. At last they consulted the almanac, and found that it was Vyas Poornima or Guru Poornima Day. But Baba had asked him to perform Pooja to the pillar, and not to him.

Nonetheless they were very happy that at least he had allowed pooja to be performed in the Dwarakamai. Nulkar was performing pooja to the pillar when Shama turned up. Baba said “Why is he performing pooja all by himself? Why can’t you too perform the pooja? Shama replied “I will not perform pooja to this pillar. But if you will allow me to perform pooja to you, I will gladly do so. I will only worship you and not this or any other pillar”. After a lot of debate and discussion, Baba finally agreed.

Dada Kelkar was aware that it was Guru Poornima, so he sent for Tatya who had gone to his farm. Both of them went with pooja materials, and performed Guru Pooja. The rest of the devotees followed suite. They offered fruits, dakshina and vastra (dhotis) to their Guru. The dhoti was of no use to Baba but they got the opportunity to do Guru Pooja that day and they hoped it would continue in the future.

Thus the festival of Guru Poornima started, and now it is a three day function. On the first day there is Akhand Parayan, the second day is the main festival day and it concludes on the third day with Gopal Kaala. (Refer Shiladhi written by Dr.Keshav B.Gavankar).

Guru Poornima is celebrated in the Ashad Masa (June-July). The details of the festival are mentioned below:

First Day: Akhand Parayan. Palki procession through the village Dwarakamai is kept open the whole night.

Second Day: Is the main Utsav with Rath procession through the village. There is no Shej Arati as the Samadhi Mandir is open throughout the whole night for Darshan.

Third Day: No Kakad Arati. Gopal Kaala.

ॐ सांई राम

Tuesday, April 16, 2013

Sos appeal & Photographs

Sos appeal & Photographs

Here are a few pictures and a background for saving the trees in this drought stricken Agriculture school in Maharashtra, which I support.. These orchards are educational as well as revenue generating for the school- losing them would be a major setback for the school for years to come. 
May I request you to send this call for SOS Donations to save this school and the trees to any email contact on your list, who you think might help?

The 80G exemption certificate shall be sent for any donation made. Please help us save these trees. 

Donation to be made in favour of <Jnana Prabodhini Vidyalaya - Harali>
Name of the Bank : Bank of Baroda, Railway Lines Branch
      Address : 150 Railway Lines, Duffrin Chowk, Solapur 413001 (INDIA)
      Account Name : Jnana Prabodhini Vidyalaya - Harali
      Account Number : 10140100000673         Type of Account : Savings
Branch Code : RAISHO

Thank you,
Final page 2.jpg


Navagraha slokas addressed to the 9 planets

Navagraha slokas addressed to the 9 planets


Soorya - Sun: 
जपाकुसुमसंकाशं काश्र्यपेयं महाद्युतिम्
तमोरिं सर्व पापघ्नं प्रणतोस्मि दिवाकरम्

japAkusuma samkAsham kAshyapeyam mahAdyutim 
tamorim sarva pApagnam praNatosmi diwAkaram

Chandran - Moon:
दधिशङ्खतुषाराभं क्षीरोदर्णवसम्भवम्
नमामि शशिनं सोमं शम्भोर्मुकुट्भूषणम्

dadhishankha tushArAbham ksheerodArNava sambhavam
namAmi shashinam somam shambhormukuta bhooshaNam

Chevvai - Mars:
धरणीगर्भसम्भूतं विद्युत्कान्तिसमप्रभम्
कुमारं शक्तिहस्तं तं मङ्गलं प्रणमाम्यहम्

dharaNi-garbha-sambhootam vidyut-kAnti-samaprabham
kumAram shaktihastam tam mangalam praNamAmyaham

Budhan - Mercury:
प्रियङ्गुकलिकाश्र्यामं रूपेणाप्रतिमंबुधम्
सौम्यं सौम्यगुणोपेतं तं बुधं प्रणमाम्यहम्
priyangukali-kAshyAmam roopeNA-pratimam-budham
sowmyam sowmya-guNopetam tam budham praNamAmyaham

Guru - Jupiter:
देवानां च ॠषीणां च गुरुं काञचनसन्निभम्
बुद्धि भूतं त्रिलोकेशं तं नमामि ब्रहस्पतिम्

devAnAm cha rishinAn cha gurum kAnchana-sannibham
buddhi bhootam trilokesham tam namAmi brahaspatim

Shukran - Venus:
हिमाकुन्द मृणालाभं दैत्यानां परमं गुरुम्
सर्व शास्त्र प्रवक्तारं भार्गवं प्रणमाम्यहम्

himakunda-mrNAlAbham daityAnAm paramam gurum
sarva shAstra pravaktAram bhArgavam praNamAmyaham

Shani - Saturn:
नीलाञ्चन समाभासं रविपुत्रं यमाग्रजम्
छाया मार्तण्ड संभूतं तं नमामि शानैश्र्वरम्

neelAnchana samAbhAsam ravi-putram yamAgrajam
ChAyA-mArthanDa sambhootam tam namAmi shanaishwaram

अर्धकायं महावीर्यं चंद्रादित्यविमर्दनम्
सिंहिकागर्भसम्भूतं तं राहुं प्रणमाम्यहम्

ardhakAyam mahAveeryam chandra-aditya-vimardanam
simhikA-garbha-sambhootam tam rAhum praNamAmyaham

पलाशपुष्प संकाशं तारकाग्रहमस्तकम्
रौद्रं रौद्रात्मकं घोरं तं केतुं प्रणमाम्यहम्

palAshapushpa samkAsham tarakAgrahamastakam 
rowdram rowdrAtmakam ghoram tam ketum praNamAmyaham

Click Here if You cant see

Best wishes for SriRAM Navami 2013=19 APRIL

Best wishes for SriRAM Navami
SriRama, Sita, Hanuman

At that time Ravan, king of Lanka, was terrorizing the people, and all were longing for liberation from his menace. Ravan had acquired great power because he had obtained from god Brahma the boon that he would never die at the hands of gods, or gandharvas, or yakshas (demigods) or demons. As he was not afraid of men he did not care to include men in the list of his potential slayers. So Brahmadev declared that Ravan would die at the hands of a man. Then the gods went to Vishnu with the request, “Dasarath is a glorious king. Please, take birth in the wombs of his three queens in four different degrees of your divinity.”

When Dasarath’s sacrifice came to an end a shining figure appeared over the sacrificial kund, and offered the king a divine beverage called “payasam” to be given to his queens Kausalya, Kaikayi, and Sumitra. In due time Kausalya gave birth to Rama, Kaikayi to Bharat and Sumitra to Laxman and Shatrugna. Rama was born at noon of the bright ninth day of Chaitra. He was believed to be the embodiment of half degree of Vishnu’s divinity, (ardha ounsh).

Four storeys - even the original Ravana may not have been so tall. But this is the Kali Yuga, when evil is supposed to assume an even more terrifying form. Ravana has his moments of glory, and that too, on Rama Navami, the birthday of Rama.

The effigy of the ten-headed Ravana swaggers through the town, wearing a gaudy crown and exaggerated moustache, with shouting hordes following. But once Ravana reaches the open ground that is his final destination, he is suddenly deserted by most of his "followers" - because the noble Rama has made his appearance.

In the end, righteousness does triumph, even in Kali Yuga. Rama engages him in battle, and finally pierces him with a potent arrow. And the huge effigy of Ravana, filled to bursting with firecrackers, is set alight, and explodes into a thousand bits amid loud cheers from the crowd and shouts of Jai Shri Ram. This ritual is an important part of the Rama Navami celebrations in most parts of North India.

Rama Navami falls on the ninth day of the shukla paksha, or bright phase of the moon, in the lunar month of Chaitra (April-May). The first day of Chaitra , or Ugadi, also marks the beginning of the Indian year.

Rama is one of the ten avatars of Lord Vishnu, and one of the two most popular, along with Krishna. Consequently, Rama Navami is widely celebrated, though not on the scale of festivals like Diwali or Dussehra.

According to legend, Rama was born at noon. Rama is the epitome of perfection, the uttama purusha, fulfilling all his duties towards both family and subjects.

Rama was the first of the four sons of King Dasharatha of Ayodhya. When it was time for Rama to be made crown-prince, his stepmother, Kaikeyi, got Dasharatha to send him to the forest for 14 years. His wife Sita and his brother Lakshmana also accompanied him. In the forest, Sita was kidnapped by Ravana, the demon king of Lanka. Rama, together with Hanuman and the monkey army, built a bridge to Lanka, killed Ravana, and brought Sita back.

It is believed that listening to the story of Rama cleanses the soul. Meditating on the noble Rama and chanting his name is believed to ease the pains of life and lead one to moksha, or liberation. It is also common practice to chant the name of Rama while rocking babies to sleep.

Though Rama Navami is a major festival for Vaishnavites, it is widely celebrated by worshippers of Shiva, too. It is considered auspicious to undertake a fast on the day in the name of Rama. The more devout fast for nine days, from Ugadi to Rama Navami. The objective of the fast is not to ask for special favours of the deity but to seek perfection as a human being. Devotees perform elaborate pujas and chant the name of Rama. Temples of Rama have special services and bhajan sessions through the day.

One significant and popular element of the celebration is the Ramayana parayana, a discourse on the Ramayana, by a pundit or a professional story-teller. It usually lasts nine days, beginning on Ugadi and ending on Rama Navami. A skilled story-teller who can liven up the event by weaving in contemporary events attracts massive crowds.

Since Rama is also one of the most sung-about deities in Indian classical music and literature, week-long (and sometimes, month-long) musical programmes are organised.

Sacred places associated with Rama, like Ayodhya, Ujjain and Rameshwaram, draw tens of thousands of devotees. In Rameshwaram, thousands take a ritual bath in the sea before worshipping at the Ramanathaswamy temple.

Many places in North India host fairs in connection with the festival, culminating in spectacular fireworks on Rama Navami. 

The Ram Navami celebrates the joyous birth of Lord Rama. Ayodhya was the cynosure of all eyes, as King Dasharath finally had an heir to the throne. Lord Rama an avatar of lord Vishnu, agreed to come down to earth to fight the mighty Ravana.

Rama Mantra
Neelambhuj shyamalkomlang Sita Samaropitvambhagam
Pano Mahasaikacharoochapam
Namame Ramam Raghuvanshnatham

Rama Gayatri Mantra
Om Daserathaya Vidhmahe
Sita Vallabhaya Dheemahe
Thanno Rama Prachodayath.
Ram Navami 
celebrated in order to commemorate 
the birth of Lord Rama. 

As Rama was considered 
the seventh incarnation of Lord Maha Vishnu, 
the festival is held in high regard by Hindus 
all over the world. 

On this day, 
he devotees of Ram all over the world
observe fast and engage
 in the worship of Ram.
 It is said that
 Ram Navamiis the oldest festival 
in the Earth from time immemorial, 
Ram Navami is the festival of masses.

Apart from God or avtar (incarnation) of God, 
Lord Ram is regarded as an ideal king, 
ideal sonideal husband and an ideal brother.

It is said that 
Ram naam 
(the name of Lord Rama)in itself is a divine mantra 
and simply chanting this Ram (Ra ma) helps 
one to attain salvation.

 The Mantra ‘Ra ma’ is called the Thaaraka mantra.
It is a combination of 'Namasivaya mantra' 
and the'Om Namo Narayanaya maha mantra'
 thereby representing the union of Shiva and Narayana.
 Another popular mantra of Rama is 

Sugreeva,& Bali

"Shri Ram, Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram".        
Greetings to all